Lorentz National Park, Papua (Irian Jaya)


Lorentz National Park is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Indonesia, covering over 25,000 square kilometers of stunning wilderness. It is a protected area but open to travelers to visit. It has the world’s tallest island peak, the Mount Carstensz Pyramid (Gunung Puncak Jaya), at 4884 meters tall on the Jayawijaya range, and beautiful glaciers surround it.

With dense rainforests, alpine meadows, and glaciers, it’s a biodiversity hotspot like no other. Endangered tree kangaroos, giant cassowaries, and exotic birds of paradise roam freely in this untouched paradise. Not only that, but you’ll also experience the vibrant cultures of indigenous tribes like the Asmat and Dani, who call this place home.

Where is Lorentz National Park

Lorentz National Park is located on the island of New Guinea, Indonesia, spanning the provinces of Papua and Papua Barat. It covers a vast area with diverse ecosystems, from snow-capped mountains to dense rainforests.

The park boasts remarkable biodiversity, including over 600 bird species and endangered wildlife like tree kangaroos and giant cassowaries. Indigenous communities living here add cultural richness to this UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s a remote and pristine destination, offering an extraordinary adventure for nature enthusiasts.

Why visit Lorentz National Park

Lorentz National Park is home to more than 630 species of birds and 123 species of mammals. 70% of bird species in Papua can be found in this park! A few of these are the famous birds of paradise, tree kangaroos, and pig-nose turtles. It is also a testimonial to Earth’s history, geological transformations, and features. This is the place to go if you are an animal and nature enthusiast.

Also, it has many indigenous tribes still living here, including the Asmat (Nakai), Dani, Amungme (Damal), Sempan, Komoro, and Nduga. These tribes go back thousands of years and still follow a semi-nomadic lifestyle with basic agriculture. They can be found in lowland rivers and swam; meeting them would be a wonder.

When is the best time to visit Lorentz National Park

The best time to visit Lorentz National Park is during the dry season, typically between May and October. During this period, the weather is more stable, with less rainfall and lower humidity, making exploring the park and its diverse landscapes easier.

Visiting during the dry season offers several advantages. The trails are more accessible, and there is a higher chance of spotting wildlife as they are more actively searching for water sources. Additionally, the clear skies during this time provide better visibility for enjoying the breathtaking mountain views and other natural wonders.

What to see in Lorentz National Park

Unique wildlife – Lorentz National Park is home to various plant and animal species. Look out for rare and endangered wildlife such as tree kangaroos, giant cassowaries, New Guinea crocodiles, and the stunning bird of paradise species known for their vibrant colors and elaborate courtship displays.

Rainforests and biodiversity – Wander through the lush rainforests that cover vast areas of the park. Discover the incredible diversity of flora and fauna, including exotic orchids, unique plant species, and various bird and insect life.

Snow-capped peaks – Marvel at the majestic snow-capped peaks of the Jayawijaya Mountains, which include Puncak Jaya, the highest peak in Indonesia and Oceania. The breathtaking mountain vistas are a must-see for any visitor.

Glaciers and alpine meadows – Explore the lesser-known side of Indonesia as you encounter glaciers and alpine meadows in the park’s higher elevations. These landscapes create a striking contrast to the tropical rainforests.

Birdwatching – Birdwatchers will be delighted by the abundance of birdlife in the park, including numerous bird of paradise species and other rare and endemic birds. A popular location for birdwatching is by Lake Habbema at the plateau of Habema Valley.

Things to Do at Lorentz National Park

Trekking and hiking – Lace up your hiking boots and explore the park’s trails that lead through rainforests, alpine meadows, and rugged terrain. Guided treks can take you to mesmerizing viewpoints and hidden waterfalls.

Cultural encounters – Interact with the indigenous communities, such as the Dani and Asmat tribes, to learn about their fascinating traditions, crafts, and unique way of life. Visit the Asmat villages, where you can meet the indigenous tribe of Agats, famous for their wood carvings.

Climb the Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) – one of the world’s seven ultimate summits. The climb will start from the base camp in Tembagapura Freeport. This is a highly technical and tough mountain to scale, so please prepare yourself and get the right guide. It is one of the Seven Summits, the highest peak on each continent.

River expeditions – Join river expeditions along the Lorentz River, allowing you to appreciate the stunning landscapes and possibly spot wildlife along the riverbanks.

Conservation activities – Participate in eco-friendly activities and support conservation efforts within the park. Respecting the environment and the local communities is vital to preserving this natural wonder.

Stargazing – The remote location and limited light pollution make Lorentz National Park an excellent spot for stargazing. The clear skies offer a spectacular view of the night sky and celestial wonders.

Where to stay near Lorentz National Park

There are several cities near Lorentz National Park where you can stay – Timika, Wamena, Fak-Fak and Merauke *.

How to get to Lorentz National Park

The best way to get to Lorentz National Park is by flying into Wamena, Biak, Jayapura, or Timika and then going to the park. Wamena is the best choice as you may get your permit to enter the Forestry Conservation Office (or you may get it done by a local travel agent). You may fly to Wamena via Jayapura with Trigana Air.

Though not a preferred method, you may also take the Pelni ship to Timika, Agats, Fak fak, or Merauke.

Where to go nearby

Baliem Valley – Find cultures (mummy and tradings) and fashion (traditional penis gourd attire) unique to the Dani people, who are famous for their tough and warm spirit. Also, marvel at the mountain views, rivers, and vast green fields.

Travel Tips

Always wait to be invited into the home of the indigenous tribes before you consider yourself welcomed as a guest.

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  1. Nice images that you have posted. I have looked the images are wonderful and submitted the information regarding Climb Carstensz Pyramid is very informative and unique.

  2. Hello,

    So from Wamena, you can jump in a bus to get to to Lorentz National Park ?

    1. Avatar Harry Stavenuiter (Dutch) says:

      It’s not that easy, because there are no scheduled bus services.
      But it very well possible to hire a 4wheeldrive in Wamena with driver to take you up to a mountain village called Mbua, inside the Lorentz National Park.
      You will have a wonderful adventures 4 hour drive over a newly constructed gravel road. Along lakes, valleys, waterfalls, over passes and ridges under-need the high peeks of mountain Trikora. Bring food, water, and sleepingbags along, because the village is not having any facilities yet. Meet the very friendly locals and have an experience you will never have again. I did this last Christmas, and it was my best Christmas ever.

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