Indonesia, a country of 1,700 islands and being one of the largest countries in Asia in size and population, it offers many captivating tourist attractions for travelers. Surprisingly it may not be one of the top destinations of the world yet but it is a good thing as it kept the place with the charm of the unexplored, except for the famous Bali of course.
Indonesia’s tourist sites include attractions from historical to natural to cultural. For historical tourist attractions you will find ancient temples and grand mosque. For natural tourist attractions you will find from breathtaking volcanoes to serene crater lake to Komodo Dragons and Orang Utans to amazing underwater diving experience. On cultural tourist attractions, there are ancient funeral rites and tribal villages.
Read on about the top 10 tourist attractions in Indonesia to know more about these wonders:
Historical Tourist Attractions
This 9th century temple is an Indonesia UNESCO Heritage site located in the heart of Java. It is one of the largest Buddhist temple in the world, consisting of six square platforms with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha status. Thousands of Buddhists does their pilgrimage here in Borobudur during Waisak day. This Buddhist temple is one of its kind, setting itself apart from the rest of Asia’s Buddhist temple with unique structures and carvings. Try to get in during the earliest opening time at 8am to catch the temple at the most serene to fully appreciate the beauty of it.
Prambanan, a Hindu temple situated in Yogyakarta, is a well known tourist attraction in Java, Indonesia. It is built during the 9th century for Trimurti as an expression that God is the Creator (Brahma), Preserver (Vishnu) and also the Destroyer (Shiva). It is also one of the Indonesia UNESCO World Heritage Site. This ancient temple is one of the largest Hindu temple architecture in Southeast Asia.
This spectacular temple is perched at the edge of a large rugged limestone cliff of 70 meters above the Indian ocean. Imagine a scene from cliffhanger with a temple as the touch of dramatic spelndour. This temple is located in Bukit Peninsula in Bali. Its majestic structure is constructed and expanded many times since 11th century. Go to the higher grounds nearby for a breathtaking view of either side and sunsets over Uluwatu temple.
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque (masjid raya)
This majestic mosque, located in the city center of Banda Aceh is one of the top destination here and stood as a testament to the historical grandeur of Sumatra. It is a significant symbol to the Aceh people for their rich religion and culture. This is especially so as it survived the devastating 2004 tsunami still intact. The design of this mosque is a fusion of the colonial and Moghul Indian architecture with the local traditional Acehnese features.
Natural Tourist Attractions
Mount Bromo, located in East Java, can be touted as the most iconic among the many volcano mountains in Indonesia. This is due to it strategically lies in the middle of Tengger caldera, a crater of fine volcanic black sand, while standing foreboding spewing off white sulphurous smoke. It is still one of the most active volcanoes in the world and continues to draw many travelers from far and wide to wake up at wee hours to hike and catch the sunrise over the ethereal view of Mount Bromo.
This largest volcanic lake measuring 1,707 sq ft is called Lake Toba, also known as Danau Toba. It is formed after a gigantic volcanic eruption about 70,000 years ago and is the world’s biggest caldera lake. Lake Toba is rumored to be a product of a massive supervolcanic eruption known as the Toba catastrophe theory which has supposedly killed many of the human population. Besides there are the Batak people here that are well known for their friendliness.
Found at Komodo National Park in Flores is another UNESCO World Heritage Site in Indonesia. Komodo Dragon may very well be the last of the dragons in the world. Come here and get up close and personal with them though be careful as there are reports of attack though rare. This park is also a refuge for many other wild terrestrial species, with mixture of Asiatic and Australian origins and wide variety of marine life. To get here, fly to Labuan Bajo or take a boat trip from Bali or Lombok to Komodo Island.
Orangutan at Bukit Lawang
Bukit Lawang became a top tourist attraction because of the chance to see the Orang Utan living in the wild in proximity. This Orang Utan sanctuary is also part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Indonesia, and literally means “door to the hills”. Travelers will come here to do trekking in hopes to catch sights of the rare Sumatran Orangutans. There is a Orangutan viewing platform where there are twice a day feedings which will almost guarantee a view of them.
Raja Ampat islands is definitely one of the top tourist destination in Indonesia not only for divers but also nature lovers and travelers alike. This diver’s paradise is well known for its riches in marine wildlife, pristine reefs and corals that would wow even the most seasoned diver. It is part of the world’s Coral Triangle which is known for housing more than 3000 species of fish and other extraordinary habitats that breed the biodiversity of its marine life. Also, Raja Ampat is a remote place left untouched by development and only independent travelers that are nature lovers made their way here.
Cultural Tourist Attractions
Funeral rites at Tana Toraja
Tana Toraja, or also known as Torajaland, is a highland situated in the southern Sulawesi. A land almost lost in time, it spans with green lush rice terraces, tall limestone and bamboo graves with blue misty mountains as backdrop. The main tourist attraction here is the funeral rites that had been practiced for ages, even after many had adopted Christian beliefs after the Dutch colony. It is said that they are obsess with the idea of death, not in a morbid way but as something really significant to them. You may find cave graves, hanging graves, tau tau (life sized wooden effigies), baby tree graves and even mass slaughter of buffaloes, all these bringing you a sense of strangeness yet captivating.
Tribal Villages at Baliem Valley
Baliem Valley, a remote place that can only be accessed via flying into Jayapura, the nearest town. The tourist attraction here is the chance to discover tribal villages through trekking from one to another. The people of Lani, Dani and Yali tribal land or Asmat lands are living very much like how they have always been. You will find unique cultures (mummy and tradings) and fashion (traditional penis gourd attire). At the same time, you can marvel at the mountain views, rivers, and vast green fields. The traditional grass huts here are also unique while the tribes daily activities are fascinating. The Baliem Valley trekking range from half day walks to 30 days expedition deep into the tribal lands.