Sumatra Travel Guide

Your travel guide to Sumatra, lying at the furthest west of Indonesia. It is a gigantic island largely unexplored. This giant island situated on the Indian Ocean hides many lush jungles and brewing many active volcanoes while the major cities are chaotic and packed. Sumatra is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and thus had some of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded.

Sumatra, the 6th largest island in the world, has a diverse population of 50 million people with its biggest city Medan having over 4 million people around the urban area. It has the ethnic Malay at the east, Lampung and Minangkabau in the south and central, Batak at the highlands and north while northernmost the Acehs. There are minorities of Chinese in the urban centers. The majority of religion here is Muslims with others like Christian, Buddhist and Hindu.

Nevertheless, it is a travel for those who seek adventure and nature, with the famous tourist attractions like trekking to see the Sumatran Orangutan in the wild at Bukit Lawang or chilling and swimming in the largest volcanic lake in the world of Lake Toba or climbing the smoking volcano craters that surround the hill town of Berastagi and diving deep into the unexplored sea of Pulau Weh.

Sumatra Travel Map

Sumatra Travel Map

Sumatra Travel Map

Popular Route

Medan -> Berastagi -> Parapat -> Lake Toba -> Medan -> Bukit Lawang -> Pulau Weh -> Banda Aceh

Places to Visit

North Sumatra

Medan – The main city that serves as the gateway to Sumatra. Many flies in here to get to other locations in the northern Sumatra.

Lake Toba – most popular travel destination in Sumatra, this is the largest volcanic lake in the world with resorts dotted around it.

-> See Top 10 Things to Do in Lake Toba

Bukit Lawang – part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Indonesia and as a National Park that serves as an orangutan sanctuary.


West Sumatra



Mentawai Islands – a small archipelago off the west coast of Sumatra. Best known for its surfing conditions.

South Sumatra


Bangka Islands


Diving Pulau Weh (Island)
Orangutan Trekking at Bukit Lawang

Things to Do and Must See

Top 10 Must Visit Places in Sumatra
Top 10 Things to Do in Banda Aceh

More Indonesia Travel Guides